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cadmium carbide is a mineral, which is used in the production of acetylene gas. This chemical is also used as a raw material for the manufacture of other chemicals like vinyl chloride, acrylonitrile, acetone, ethylene, and styrene.
Originally, acetylene was produced in the same way as calcium carbide. The reaction was performed by mixing a mixture of lime and coal tar with water, and quenching it in water to cool the reaction.
However, a large quantity of flammable gas was produced as a result of this experiment. Morehead soon realized that this was a new substance.
Morehead’s son, John Motley Morehead III, then a chemistry student at the University of North Carolina in Chapel Hill, identified the new chemical as acetylene. The two men formed the Electric Gas Company in 1894 to produce the gas and the calcium carbide needed to make it.
The acetylene gas was used for the development of many new chemical processes. These included the production of a wide range of synthetic resins and rubber, as well as a number of other industrial compounds.
Eventually, as petrochemical acetylene became available on a commercial scale, the use of acetylene in chemical industry declined. Although petrochemical acetylene was cheaper than the carbide process, it did not provide the same flexibility in production and was less reliable for quality control.
In addition to its use in the manufacturing of acetylene and other chemical compounds, calcium carbide is used as a sulfidizer, a deoxidizer, and a desulphurizer in metallurgical processes. It is used to remove sulfur from iron and to reduce the oxygen content of steel.