The carbon chlorine chemical formula is composed of carbon and chlorine. Both chemicals are involved in a chemical reaction that is very important in air quality.
Chlorine chemistry has been added to the Comprehensive Air Quality Model with Extensions (CAMx). This model describes complex organics and 109 reactions. It has been shown that the inclusion of chlorine chemistry can significantly increase ozone levels. In Houston, ozone levels can be enhanced by as much as 16 ppbv.
The carbon chlorine chemical formula is the same as the Freon-11 formula. A Freon-11 molecule contains three chlorine atoms and one carbon atom. One of the chloroatoms is replaced with fluorine.
Similarly, the sulfur monochloride chemical formula contains two sulfur atoms. Sulfur monochloride is a corrosive yellow liquid. When in water, the chlorine and sulfur ions can conduct electricity. CCl4 is a toxic chemical, so it is not used for consumer products.
The Montreal Protocol has reduced the concentrations of CCl4 in the environment. Although a few industrial uses remain, it is now largely restricted to laboratory applications. Most industrial CCl4 is used in the synthesis of chlorinated solvents and CFCs.
The United States Environmental Protection Agency discontinued the use of CCl4 as a fumigant in 1986. Since then, production of CCl4 has dropped precipitously. Currently, CCl4 is used for laboratory purposes only in the United States. But it is no longer permitted in consumer products.
A number of additional chlorine reactions have been added to the CAMx model. These reactions are described and suggested rate parameters are given.