five properties of element 113
The periodic table, the oddly shaped checkerboard that hangs in chemistry classrooms around the world, contains elements with a range of chemical characteristics. They are arranged by their atomic number, a measure of how many protons are packed into the nucleus of an atom.
One of the most important properties is the atomic number, which determines an element’s position on the table. Elements with a number greater than 92 are called heavy elements.
In addition to their atomic numbers, heavy elements have other unique properties. Some are liquid and gaseous, while others are ductile and metallic at room temperature.
These properties make the elements essential to industrial processes and also play a key role in understanding how matter behaves at the fundamental level. For example, it has been shown that a region in the ocean of instability contains bubbles and doughnut-like shapes, which could explain how superheavy elements behave.
The chemistry of these new superheavy elements will help scientists understand how the universe works, and it is expected to reveal new insights into the structure and behavior of the elements themselves. For instance, nihonium, which has an atomic number of 113, is expected to be a member of the “island of stability” among the superheavy elements.
Element 113, discovered in Japan and formally named ununtrium by the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC) earlier this year, will now be officially known as nihonium, with the symbol Nh. The name is proposed as a tribute to the land where it was first synthesized, Japan. Nihon is one of two ways to say Japan in Japanese, and it literally means the Land of the Rising Sun.