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Sodium chloride is a substance found in nature. It is also known as table salt. NaCl is a chemical that is very stable and soluble in water. The sodium chloride solution has a melting point of 800 degC.
This element is used in various industries as a chemical feedstock. Sodium chloride is commonly used as a preservative for food. In addition, it is widely used as a flavor enhancer. When applied topically, it can be used in medical treatments. However, high concentrations can cause nausea and vomiting, as well as dehydration.
Sodium chloride is used in the production of pharmaceuticals, chemicals, polymers, and gasoline additives. As an electrolyte, it is essential for the maintenance of proper fluid balance. Sodium is also used in the deicing of roads in sub-freezing weather.
Sodium is an alkali metal and occurs naturally in seawater. Electrolysis of molten sodium chloride is the main process for producing salt. Other methods are ion-exchange membrane electrodialysis and rock salt. These processes are controlled to exclude other salts.
Sodium chloride is used as a de-icing agent in cold climates. However, swallowing high concentrations of the substance can cause nausea and diarrhea.
Sodium is one of the most common substances in the Earth’s crust. Despite being abundant in the natural world, it never exists in a free form. Hence, it must be extracted from its compounds.
The most important commercial sodium compounds are chloride and carbonate. Another type of salt, called table salt, is used for seasoning food and as a flavour enhancer.