What’s the MAX Ti3SiC2 Materials?
A type of comprehensive ceramic material is titanium silicon carbide (Ti3SiC2), which belongs to the MAX Phase material. This material has both ceramic and metal characteristics. Ceramic matrix composites have been a popular research topic since the 1980s. This was due to the development of fiber, whisker and additional reinforcing agents, as well as the demands of high-torque-to-weight ratio aircraft engines.
While fiber and whisker enhancement may improve toughness, this is not a practical solution due to the high price of preparations and its poor reliability. This problem was solved by researchers who began investigating high-temperature materials of both metal and ceramic characteristics. They finally discovered a titanium carbide (Ti3SiC2) under the tiSI-C method.
At room temperature, Ti3SiC2 exhibits good electrical and thermal properties. It also has a relatively low Vickers hardness level and a high elastic module. The ductile can be machined at room temperatures like any metal or plastic. It also has all the characteristics of ceramic materials with high yield, high melting point and excellent oxidation resistance. Even more important is the fact that it has a lower friction factor and better self-lubrication than conventional solid lubricants graphite and molybdenum diulfide.
In December 2005, our state Ministry of Science and Technology has published a dynamic statement: Ti3SiC2 conductive ceramic production of new generation of highspeed train slide in national 863 program. High performance structural material topics, domestic developed after two years of succession to conquer high-purity Ti3SiC2,Ti3AlC2, and Ti2SnC powder bulk synthesizer technology. The skateboard fabrication process was completed to finish the investigation of chemical and physical properties. These ceramic skateboards, which were developed by the research team Ti3SiC2, have high impact resistance, wear resistance, arc ablation resistance and are easy to break. This year’s Ti3SiC2 Ceramic Skateboard was an integral part of China’s high-speed rail development.
The wide application possibilities of Ti3SiC2 are endless in biomedicine. Dental materials and parts must withstand long-term Oxidation and remain stable. They also have to be flexible and workable. Ti3SiC2 provides both ceramic and metal performance, while also being biocompatible, which makes it easy to apply to the body. Ti3SiC2 can easily be turned into small-sized threads, which can then be used to make dental implants and restorations. Ti3SiC2’s elastic modulus is lower than that of zirconia (1.9105MPa), which makes it more suitable for dental crowns made from porcelain. Ti3SiC2 materials are self-propagating and high in temperature. They have a porous structure that may be more easy to arrange and bond. Because of its low coefficient, friction it can be used for orthodontics in order to improve sliding and decrease friction resistance. It is important that the material be suitable for use in an oral environment. The bonding strength of this and porcelain powder is comparable to that of porcelain or metal. Porcelain dental crowns have a wider application.
There are also good prospects for Ti3SiC2’s development in the field of refractory materials. Rapid firing technology is being promoted in ceramic industries. This means that the cycle times for furniture use are becoming increasingly shorter. It is important that kiln furniture materials are thermally resistant in order to be able to use the fast firing technology. Development requirements. Quality of kiln furnishings has a major impact on quality and fire quality. Thermal shock isn’t a problem with Ti3SiC2 ceramic materials. The unique layers and plastic properties of the material at high temperatures may help to reduce thermal stress. Even after undergoing a thermal shock at T=1400, the material’s residual strength remains above 300MPa. It can also resist a temperature differential of up to 900. Ti3SiC2 ceramic materials have the advantage of being chemical resistant, simple to process, and low cost. This makes them an excellent material for developing kiln furniture.
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