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sodium acetate anhydrous molecular weight is one of the chemical compounds that have a wide range of applications. It is used in medicine, photography, printing, agriculture, bronzing and textile industry. It is also used in production of dye materials, polymerization catalyst, polymer stabilizer, plating agent, gel stains, preservative in food production and flavor enhancer in nutrient industry.
Biologically, it is a colorless deliquescent salt. It is an electrolyte and has a role in regulating the extracellular fluid volume, the acid-base balance and the osmotic pressure of body fluids. It is also involved in nerve conduction and muscle contraction.
Pharmaceutically, it is used as a pharmaceutical buffer. It is also used as a dehydrating agent, in soaps and for purification of glucose.
Industrially, it is prepared by reacting acetic acid with sodium hydroxide in the presence of water as a solvent. This process is referred to as the Niacet Process. It is also used for the manufacturing of sodium metal ingots.
Generally recognized as safe (GRAS) by the FDA under sections 505 and 507 of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act. This substance is also listed on the Approved Drug Products with Therapeutic Equivalence Evaluations list and is a general purpose food additive.
Sodium acetate has been studied for its potential anti-hyperkalemia properties. Studies on animals show that a small dose of this compound can improve blood potassium levels and increase the uptake of sodium chloride into cells. It can be used as a dialysis solution to supply sodium ions in hyponatremic patients. Sodium acetate has also been shown to inhibit the action of ethanol on hippocampal dentate granule neurons in rat brains by preventing spike frequency adaptation and hyperpolarization.