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sodium phosphate monobasic monohydrate mw is a white, slightly deliquescent crystal or powder. It is highly hygroscopic, and should be stored in a closed container at room temperature. It loses its water of hydration on heating above 100degC, and melts at 205degC to form sodium acid pyrophosphate, Na2H2P2O7; it decomposes further to give sodium metaphosphate, NaPO3. It is insoluble in alcohol. It has a high buffering capacity and also acts as a sequestrant, emulsifier and mordant. It is used in food and water treatment and as a buffer to adjust pH. It is also used in medical applications, such as a stimulant laxative before certain operations and procedures. It is used in the preparation of cardioplegia solution, and in McIlvaine’s buffer and MgCl2 buffer.
Sodium phosphate is found in the environment as a mineral, particularly in rock salt and sodalite. It is an essential nutrient for humans and animals, and it is an important component of cell metabolism and an intermediate in the synthesis of proteins. It is used in the manufacture of glass, pottery, and textiles, and as a corrosion inhibitor in water treatment plants. Sodium phosphate is a key ingredient in many pharmaceutical formulations, and it has several important biological properties.
Sodium phosphate monobasic dihydrate is prescribed by doctors to clean or empty your colon before an imaging procedure called a colonoscopy. It works by causing your body to have diarrhea, which allows your doctor to see your colon more clearly.