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What is the silicon disulfide properties?
The crystal structure of silicon disulfide is an orthorhombic, tetragonal white fibrous system. The molecular form of silicon disulfide (SiS2) is SiS2. Under normal temperatures and conditions, silicon disulfide remains stable. However, when exposed to moisture or heated, it will decompose into H2S and siO2.
Inorganic silicon disulfide has the chemical formula SiS2. It is a material that is similar to silica but with a one-dimensional polymer structure.
What is silicon disulfide prepared?
1. Burn aluminum powder in a furnace with extra sulfur. The aluminum sulfide mixture is crushed, and a little excess silica sand is added. Place the mixture in a crockpot. Next, place the crockpot inside a quartz tube. Finally, heat the crockpot while passing dry nitrogen through the quartz tube. The reaction begins around 1100degC. At 1200-1300degC sublimed SiS2 sticks to the area of low temperature in the tube. When purifying, use sublimation under nitrogen or vacuum. The mixture is heated between 5x103MPa (700degC) and silicon to get tetragonal SiS2.
2. Heating is required to decompose hydrocarbon-based silicon. Silicon disulfide or sulfide are produced at 250-300degC. Sulfur will cause the decomposition to occur at a much lower temperature if added. Mix 96g of Sulfur and 39g Si (SC2H5)4 in a bowl and heat it at 200degC (10min) to create silicon disulfide. After the latter is dispersed in benzene and filtered, conditions are set up to prevent moisture from mixing.
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