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Titanium carbide ceramics is a typical transition metal carbide. TiC’s unique properties are due to its unique bonding, which is a mixture of metallic, ionic, and covalent bonds in the same crystalline structure. TiC has many unique properties due to its crystal structure. These include high hardness, a high melting point and high wear resistance.
Preparation of Titanium Carbide
Method: The mixtures of titanium and carbon are obtained by hydrogen-reduction TiO2 in high temperature or by combining TiO2 with carbon powder in blocks. They are then heated in an electric oven to 2300-2700 and carbonized under H2 atmosphere. The hard, crystalline powder of TiC is produced by a reaction of titanium oxide and carbon black above 1800degC. Cobalt and nickel are used to compact it for heat-resistant parts and cutting tools. Cutting tools are more brittle, and it’s lighter. Sintered carbide is less likely to produce grooves when combined with the tungsten carbide in tool materials.
Theoretically TiC contains 20.05 percent carbon. It is a light metallic gray. It is a chemically stable material that is almost inert against hydrochloric, sulfuric and nitric acids. TiC dissolves readily in oxidizing chemical solutions, like aqua regia, nitric and hydrofluoric acids, or hydrofluoric acetic acid. It dissolves also in an alkaline oxidation melt. When heated, nitrogen is formed above -1500degC in a nitrous atmosphere. TiC can be attacked by chlorine and tends oxidize when heated in the air.
The elastic modulus for TiC is 309 706 MPa. The material sintered from 2600 to 3000 has a fracture modulus between 499.8 and 843.2MPa at room temperatures. The thermal modulus is 107.78 – 116.96mpa for 982 and 54.4-63.92mpa for 2200. The melting point of TiC is 3160 degrees C. At room temperature, the resistivity is 180 to 250 It is a good conductor for high temperatures. The thermal coefficient of expansion between 593degC and room temperature is 4.12×10-6/degF. Thermal conductivity is 0.04 CAL/cmS/degC.
Titan carbide ceramics
1. Multiphase materials : titanium carbide is a super hard material. It can be produced with TiN and other raw materials to make various multiphase ceramics. They have excellent chemical stability. This makes them the best choice for cutting tool, wear-resistant components. Titanium carbide ceramics can be used for cutting high-speed wheels of wire regulation and carbon due to their oxidation resistance. They also do not cause crescent wear when they are in contact with steel. The use of multiphase ceramics containing titanium carbide has been widespread.
2. Coating material: Titanium carbide as a surface coat is an extremely wear-resistant material. By a physical or chemical process, diamond surfaces are coated with carbides that can form metals and alloys. At high temperature, the interface between the metals and alloys, as well as the diamond’s carbon atoms, causes the carbides to be stable. These carbides are not only able to bond with diamonds, but they can also infiltrate matrix metals, enhancing the adhesion between matrix metal and diamond. Tool life can increase by up to three times with titanium carbide film.
3. The research on nuclear fusion reactors has shown that titanium carbide and composite (TiN+TiC) coating materials, after undergoing chemical heat treatments, create a tritium-resistant layer of permeability on the surface titanium carbide. This layer can withstand hydrogen ion exposure and a high temperature gradient.
4. The ceramics made of titanium carbide are good for optical purposes.
Titanium carbide Supplier
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