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The c1v1 c2v2 calculator is a lifesaver for bioscience researchers in the lab who are trying to do dilutions. It is based on the simple but useful formula that states the initial concentration multiplied by the initial volume must equal the final concentration multiplied by the final volume.
The dilution equation uses the units of concentration (C1 and C2) which are usually measured in grams per liter or moles per liter. It also uses the unit of volume, which is usually measured in liters or milliliters.
C1: Concentration – The concentration is the amount of solute in a solution. It is usually expressed in grams per liter or moles per milliliter, but can be expressed in other units.
V1: Volume – The volume is the amount of diluted solute in a solution that has been mixed with a solvent. It is usually measured in liters or milliliters, but can be expressed in other units.
Using the c1v1 c2v2 calculator
A stock solution is an undiluted concentrated solution of a chemical that can be prepared several times by adding different solvents to it. The dilution equation helps us determine how much solvent we need to add in order to make a new, diluted concentration of the stock solution.
The dilution equation is a good example of the conservation of mass law that says the total amount of solute remains constant when it is mixed with a solvent. So, by rearranging the equation, we can figure out how much solvent we need to add in order for our solution to have the desired concentration and volume.