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The intercalated compound is composed of alternating layers containing magnesium and boron. While the magnesium atomic layers have a triangular shape, the boron layer has an hexagonal honeycomb structure. This is very similar to graphite.
Magnesium Diboride is hard, brittle and has poor ductility.
Magnesium Diboride Magnesium MgB2 powder has superconductivity
Researchers discovered in 2001 that even the most ordinary magnesium boride can become a superconductor at temperatures closer to 40K (-233°C). This superconductor’s transition temperature is twice as high as other comparable superconductors. Its actual operating temperature ranges from 20 to 30K. Liquid neon, liquid hydrocarbon, and closed-circulation freezers can all cool down the temperature. These techniques are more efficient than the industrial cooling of Niobium alloys (4K), with liquid Helium.
Doped with carbon, or other impurities once magnesium boride has been doped, it is more effective than the niobium alloys at superconductivity when subject to a magnetic field. There are many potential applications for superconducting magnets. Power transmission lines and magnetic field detectors.
|Magnesium Boride Magnesium Boride Powder Properties
|Mageral Boride Powder MgB2
|From gray powder to black powder
|Solubility in water
|Get the exact Mass
Magnesium Boride MagnesiumB2 Powder – Applications
The superconducting qualities and low cost of magnesium diboride make them attractive for many applications. MgB2 is mixed with silver or 316 stainless steel powder and compressed into wire. To make tapes, powder in tubes can also be used.
In superconducting cavities with rf, you can use thin coatings to reduce energy loss and improve the efficiency of liquid helium cool niobium.
MgB2 can be used because of the cost-effectiveness of its components in motors and generators as well as fault current limitsers and current leads.
Propellants, explosives, fireworks:
The element boron burns in part through a layer of glassy oxide that blocks oxygen diffusion. However, magnesium diboride ignites fully when it is inhaled in oxygen, or mixed with an oxidant. As a result, magnesium Boride is being considered as a fuel for ramjets. MgB2 has also been suggested for explosive-enhanced explosions and propellants. It was recently demonstrated that decoy flares containing magnesium diboride/PTFE/FLUORO rubber improved spectral efficiency by 30-60% compared to classic magnesium/Teflon/fluororubber (MTV) payloads. In rocket propulsion, magnesium diboride was used to increase combustion and mechanical properties.
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