Titanium carbide TiC is a very hard refractory ceramic material

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What is titanium carbide introduced? Titanium carbide is similar to tungsten carbide in that it is extremely hard (Mohs 9 – 9.5). It appears as black powder with sodium chloride (face centered cubic) crystal structures.

It is found in nature as an extremely rare mineral known as khamrabaevite. It was found in 1984 near the Uzbek-USSR border on Mount Arashan. The mineral was named for Ibragim Khamrabaevich Khamrabaev. He is the director of Geology and Geophysics at Tashkent in Uzbekistan. In nature, the crystals of this mineral range from 0.1mm to 0.3mm.

Tool bits made of titanium carbide with nickel-cobalt matrix can improve cutting speed and precision. They also smooth out the surface of the workpiece.

Addition of up to 30% titanium carbide can improve the resistance of tungsten-cobalt materials to corrosion, oxidation, and wear. This results in a more solid, brittle solution.

The reactive-ion method can be used for etching titanium carbide.

What is titanium carbide made of?
The reaction of titanium dioxide with carbon black above 1800degC produces a powdery hard titanium carbide. It is used in heat-resistant parts and cutting tools.
Titan carbide TiC powder
Titanium carbide is also used to prepare cermets that are often used to cut steel at high speeds. It is used as a surface coating for metal parts such as watch and tool bits. Titanium carbide coatings are also used for spacecraft atmospheric reentry.

As an additive in cutting tool materials, metal bismuths, zinc and cadmium melting Bismuth. For the preparation of wear-resistant semiconductor films.

As an additive to metal bismuths, zinc, cadmium melting Bismuths, the preparation of semiconductor wear resistant film and HDD large capacity memory devices are some of the most common uses of titanium carbide.

Nanotech titanium carbide approach suggests hydrogen storage breakthrough
The new research coming out of China could double the efficiency of the hydrogen storage system at a time that the collection of low-carbon gas, which is ubiquitous, is being seen as the path to a more sustainable energy economy.

This week’s research in Nature Nanotechnology examined a method for storing hydrogen using a titanium alloy with a thin layer of carbide, producing a nano pump effect. The process described here is twice as effective than comparable methods.

Hydrogen has been gaining popularity as an environmentally friendly fuel. Fuel-cell vehicles are already available. Register readers are quick to note that although breakthroughs in production of the gas have been made, storage of the gas is still a major problem due to its small size.

The work of Professor Jianglan Shui and the team of Beihang University’s School of Materials Science and Engineering showed that the titanium carbide materials (technical names Ti2CTx and MXene – types of MXene) can support up to 8.8wt% of hydrogen under “relatively secure” pressures of 60 bar.

“Compared with known room-temperature materials, Ti2CTx proves the superiority low-pressure hydrogen storing, which is nearly double the previously reported maximum storage capacity at the same pressure,” said the paper.

The release of hydrogen is rapid and controlled, making this a “promising approach for developing practical hydrogen storage materials.”

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